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Home > Living Well > Health Library > GERD: Esophageal Erosion and Ulcers
When you have GERD, stomach acids and juices back up into the esophagus. This can irritate and wear away the lining of the esophagus and cause sores. These sores are called ulcers.
Normally when you swallow food, it travels down the esophagus. A valve opens to let the food pass into the stomach, and then the valve closes. With GERD, the valve doesn't close tightly enough. Stomach acid and juices from the stomach flow back up (reflux) into the esophagus.
Antacids, H2 blockers, and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are usually tried first to treat GERD and its symptoms. These can be either prescription or over-the-counter.
You may take:
If your daily medicine doesn't control your GERD symptoms, talk with your doctor. You may need to try a different medicine.
Surgery may be used to treat GERD symptoms that haven't been controlled well by medicines.
The most common surgery used to treat GERD is fundoplication. It strengthens the valve (lower esophageal sphincter) between the esophagus and stomach. This helps keep acid from backing up into the esophagus as easily. It relieves GERD symptoms and inflammation of the esophagus.
It may be done in one of two ways.
Gastropexy is another type of surgery for GERD. With this, the stomach is attached to the diaphragm. It is done so that the stomach can't move through the opening in the diaphragm into the chest.
Surgery for GERD can cause problems with swallowing, burping, and extra gas. You may need other procedures to fix these problems.
Current as of:
September 8, 2021
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: Adam Husney MD - Family MedicineArvydas D. Vanagunas MD - Gastroenterology
Current as of: September 8, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Arvydas D. Vanagunas MD - Gastroenterology
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