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Home > Living Well > Health Library > HIV: Preventing Infections
Medicines and vaccines are used to prevent infections and certain diseases (opportunistic infections) that are more common in people with HIV.
Generally, infection with HIV doesn't make people sick, except for the flu-like illness that may develop shortly after they become infected. Most people who are infected with HIV get sick because their immune systems become weak and cannot fight off other infections. So preventing opportunistic infections is an important part of treatment for HIV.
If you have been diagnosed with HIV infection, make sure that you and your partner are up to date on the following immunizations:
Also check to see if you need the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine or the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, or both.
Talk with your doctor about getting the shingles shot. If your CD4+ count is too low, you should not get this vaccine.
Work with your doctors to decide which medicines to use, based on:
Current as of:
July 1, 2021
Author: Healthwise StaffMedical Review: E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal MedicineAdam Husney MD - Family MedicinePeter Shalit MD, PhD - Internal Medicine
Current as of: July 1, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Peter Shalit MD, PhD - Internal Medicine
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