Familial Lipid Disorders

Overview

A familial lipid disorder is a condition that runs in families. It causes very high levels of cholesterol. This condition can cause a person to get coronary artery disease while still young.

Familial lipid disorders are not common. Your doctor may look at cholesterol levels and family history to check if you or your child might have a disorder. For example, your doctor may check for:

  • Very high cholesterol levels. For example, LDL cholesterol might be 160 mg/dL or more for a child or 190 mg/dL or more for an adult.
  • A family history of high cholesterol.
  • A family history of early coronary artery disease.
  • Certain results from a physical exam. These results include xanthomas, a skin condition in which small bumps of fat appear under the skin.

Types of familial lipid disorders

There are different types of familial lipid disorders. They include:

Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL).
  • High total cholesterol
  • High LDL cholesterol
  • High triglycerides
  • High apolipoprotein B
Familial defective apolipoprotein B-100.
  • High LDL cholesterol
Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia (type 3 hyperlipoproteinemia).
  • High total cholesterol and high triglyceride levels
Familial hypercholesterolemia.
  • High LDL cholesterol

Related Information

Credits

Current as of: January 10, 2022

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine

Disclaimer: The information contained in this website, and its associated websites, is provided as a benefit to the local community, and the Internet community in general; it does not constitute medical advice. We try to provide quality information, but we make no claims, promises or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained in or linked to this website and its associated sites. As medical advice must be tailored to the specific circumstances of each patient and healthcare is constantly changing, nothing provided herein should be used as a substitute for the advice of a competent physician. Furthermore, in providing this service, Adventist HealthCare does not condone or support all of the content covered in this site. As an Adventist health care organization, Adventist HealthCare acts in accordance with the ethical and religious directives for Adventist health care services.

Find a Doctor

Find an Adventist HealthCare affiliated doctor by calling our FREE physician referral service at 800-642-0101 or by searching our online physician directory.

View Doctors

Set Your Location

Setting your location helps us to show you nearby providers and locations based on your healthcare needs.